SPACES OF GOLD

LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS

Having examined the social and environmental consequences of Johannesburg’s gold mining industry, the project envisions an alternative decommissioning method in which material residues of depleted mines are rearranged into a new form of habitation. A housing development on top of one of the city’s toxic mine dumps to be built as a means for rehabilitating the city’s polluted landscape.

Tutors: Didier Faustino & Kostas Grigoriadis

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Landscape prosthesis infrastructure on Princess mine dump

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Landscape prosthesis infrastructure on Princess mine dump inhabited

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Phase I, Framework construction

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Phase II, Plant nursery establishment

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Phase III, Supporting facilities / In situ transplantation

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Phase IV, Initial habitation / Ex situ transplantation

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Phase V, Programmatic adjacencies / Ground plane accessibility 

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Reclaiming toxic grounds, rehabilitation through inhabitation

 

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Landscape prosthesis atop of Princes mine dump, populated

BETWEEN LANDSCAPE AND BODY

The material flow of gold has vast environmental and spatial implications; yet, it is also a process that has direct implications on the physiology of the human body. This case study identifies one material trajectory and examines key moments along it. Different moments correspond to different scales: from its prospecting and extraction in the scale of the landscape to its ultimate surgical implantation in the scale of the body.

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Material distribution, prospecting and mining methods

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL, MPONENG

Mponeng mine analysis

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Johannesburg's mining belt

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Material export and industrial application

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL, IMPLANTS, PROSTHETICS

Implants & prosthetics; condition/ position/ materials

DAVIDSONVILLE & THE PRINCESS MINE DUMP

Having traced the material flow of gold, the project returns to focus on one problematic moment identified along its path: the mine dumps of Johannesburg. Scattered across the city by the hundreds, these landscape formations, although beautiful to look at are also deeply disturbing toxic grounds. The project focuses on Davidsonville, a township in western Johannesburg enclaved by the Princess mine dump. 

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL, DAVIDSONVILLE, PRINCESS MINE DUMP

Davidsonville and the Princess mine dump, site analysis

Due to its physical dislocation, Davidsonville, like many townships, has developed a strong independent sector of domestically run businesses. As a result the governmental housing units, in which its residents live, have been transformed over the years to accommodate a variety of enterprises. 

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL, GOVERNMENTAL HOUSING

Governmental housing adaptation in Davidsonville 

At the same time heavy metals and other contaminants that have been surfaced through mining operations are now blown up by winds and transmitted via air. Precipitation flowing on the dump’s surface is polluted and acidified. As a result, surrounding surface and subsurface water bodies are contaminated and during heavy rains overflow into the streets of Davidsonville.

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Princess dump, image by Eva Lotte Janssen

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Davidsonville with Princess dump in background, image by Eva Lotte Janssen

MINING MINES

What if at the end of its life span a mine could be mined for its own structures and components? What if these could be surfaced, sorted and reassembled to form the foundation for a new kind of habitation. A prosthetic in the scale of a landscape intended to heal the city's scarred grounds. The project proposes a phased strategy in which the site is gradually detoxified, reshaped and repopulated. Inhabitation as a means for rehabilitation. 

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

Structures & components catalog

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

I Site containment

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

II Primary circulation

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

III Secondary circulation

SPACES OF GOLD, MASTERPLAN, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE PROSTHESIS, TOXIC, JOHANNESBURG, REMEDIATION, MINE DUMP, DESIGN, PHYTOREMEDIATION, RAPHAEL FOGEL, AA SCHOOL

IV Development framework